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Proprietary Trading

Proprietary Trading Explained: Definitions, Strategies and Career Opportunities!

Proprietary Trading

Prop trading is one of the best trading types that is helpful for traders even having less amount. Mostly banks and firms undergo prop trading. In this trading, the investment is made in terms of bonds, derivatives, stocks and other assets or commodities. In this blog, you will get in-depth details on Proprietary Trading as we have explained its definitions, strategies and career opportunities.

In prop trading, the finding is done by the firm or the financial institute itself rather than going for the client’s money. The firms or banks earn money directly by profits and do not rely on commissions.

Strategies in Prop Trading:

There are various strategies in prop trading, amongst which traders choose the one that suits them. Below are the most popular strategies:

•Index arbitrage

•Merger arbitrage

•Volatility arbitrage

•Proprietary Trading

•Global macro-trading

Each strategy has its pros and cons, and the trader chooses any of them depending upon their terms and conditions.

A career in Proprietary Trading:

There are a lot of career opportunities in a prop trading firm. Mostly, prop traders work as a contractor rather than becoming an employee. But if you seek a job, you must first check the eligibility criteria. The educational requirements to seek a job in prop trading firms and the skills that are required are explained below:

Educational requirements for Prop Traders:

A trader typically has a bachelor’s degree in a finance-related field such as mathematics, economics, statistics, business, or banking. Various firms that hire traders offer training or mentorship programmes if they are new to the field.

Skills Needed As A Prop Trader:

Education is not the only necessary thing; as a proprietary trader, you must also have skills. You must know how to plan and then initiate. Not only this but there are several other skills needed, including:

• To be able to present their investment strategies, they must have strong written and verbal communication skills

• Understanding various methodologies for forecasting price movements and carrying out trading strategies

• They must have a team player attitude because they will be working with other traders as well as brokers

• Experience implementing various trading strategies such as momentum, scalping, and so on

• Sharp mathematical skills are required for scalping, arbitrage, and day trading

• Extensive financial market knowledge and asset management abilities

• Trading zeal and a convincingly determined demeanour

• Trading knowledge and analytical abilities are required

• Fast-paced and decisive in the face of market changes

• Risk management and financial management abilities

Hierarchy in Proprietary Trading:

The hierarchy in proprietary trading is usually:

1.Junior trader

2.Senior trader

3.Partner in the trading firm

If you have just graduated and have no experience, you will join the firm as a junior trader. Similarly, the people who have been in this profession for years can opt for senior trader jobs. And if you want to work on a contract basis, then you can go as a partner in a trading firm.

Not only this but there are several other job opportunities in prop trading firms, including:

• Developer

• Data Scientist

• Quant Researcher

Every role in a trading firm depends upon how the trades and stocks will be dealt with and what are strategies needed.

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